Position: Speaker of the Federation Council, Chairman of the party
Born February 14, 1953 in Pushkin, Leningrad region. In 1979 he graduated from the Geophysical Department of the Leningrad Mining Institute named after Plekhanov. Prior to 1986, he was geophysicist in Zelenogorsk expedition of the Ministry of Geology of the USSR. In 1986-1991 he worked in the NPO (scientific development and production center) "Geophysika", at the same time he was engaged in business: a manager and then director of the TOO "Garant-Service" in Pushkin.
In 1992, Mironov graduated from St. Petersburg Technical University. From 1991 to 1993 he was Executive Director of the Pushkin AOZT "Russian Chamber of Commerce." In 1993 Mironov received Certificate of Finance Ministry of Russia to work on the securities market.
In 1993-1994, Mironov was head of production department of Pushkin's "Firm STR”. In 1994-1995, he served as executive director of AOOT "Construction Corporation "Vozrozhdenie Peterburga” (Renaissance of St. Petersburg), and was Executive Director of the Northern Investment Finance Facility.
In 1994, Mironov was elected to the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg from the block "All Petersburg". In April 1995, Mironov was elected first deputy chairman of the assembly.
In 1997, Mironov graduated with honors from the Russian Academy of State Service under the President of Russia; in 1998 - Faculty of Law, St. Petersburg State University.
From April to December 1998, Mironov served as Chairman of the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg. In December 1998 he was elected deputy again (he became the coordinator of the faction “Legitimacy”), and in June 2000, Mironov was elected Deputy Chairman of the St. Petersburg Legislative Assembly.
June 13, 2001 Mironov was elected a member of the Federation Council of Federal Assembly of Russian Federation - representative in the Federation Council from the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg. According to some reports, this was in accordance with the wish of former President Vladimir Putin, with whom Mironov had been acquainted since 1994, and during the election campaign in winter 2000 he led by the initiative group to nominate Putin as a presidential candidate. December 5, 2001 Mironov was elected Chairman of the Federation Council and became a member of the Security Council of Russia. On January 29, 2003 Mironov was elected Chairman of the FC for the second term.
In February 2003, Mironov became Chairman of the Council of the Interparliamentary Assembly of CIS member states. In April the same year he led the Russian Party of Life. He participated in the 2003 parliamentary elections as part of a political block "Party of Russia’s Revival - the Russian Party of Life", the block did not pass in the Duma.
January 4, 2004 at the Congress of the Russian Party of Life Mironov was nominated for the presidency of Russia, in his own words, to support "reformist potential" of Putin. He lost the election, gaining the least number of the total votes (0,76 percent). Putin became President for the second time, and Mironov retained the post of chairman of the Federation Council, and in July the same year he graduated from the Philosophical Faculty of St. Petersburg State University.
In late 2004, Mironov initiated a bill to declare December, 31 and May, 2 as a day off. The relevant law was approved in late 2005. In February 2005, he proposed to extend the presidential term to five years, but later he abandoned that idea.
In late August 2006, on behalf of the party led by Mironov he signed a document entitled "Basic principles of combining together the political party Rodina, the Russian Party of Pensioners and the Russian Party of Life. In October 2006, Moscow hosted the Unity Congress, during which the three parties had been transformed into one called "A Just Russia”, Mironov was elected its Chairman. Media immediately called the new party a competitor of United Russia in the fight for the right to maintain policies of President Putin. Mironov and leader of “United Russia" Boris Gryzlov entered into a correspondence debate with each other, and the" United Russia " compelled transition of elections to the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg in March 2007, ie six months ahead of schedule.
March 11, 2007 during election to the parliaments, 14 subjects of the federation "A A Just Russia" ranked first in the Stavropol region and it was the second in five regions (including St. Petersburg) and the third one - in six of them.
March 21, 2007 deputies of the Legislative Assembly of the new convocation of St. Petersburg confirmed the authorities of Mironov as its representative in the Federation Council, and March 30, 2007 Senate elected Mironov its chairman for the third time by an overwhelming majority.
September 23, 2007 Congress of the "A Just Russia" approved the lists of candidates for election to the State Duma of the fifth convocation. Mironov headed the federal list of his party. As a result of the vote held on December 2, 2007, "A Just Russia" managed to overcome the electoral threshold and enter the State Duma of the fifth convocation: the party won 7.74 percent of the vote. Mironov declined the mandate of the deputy in favor of other candidates from the party.
December 10, 2007, four party leaders - Sergey Mironov, Boris Gryzlov, leader of the Agrarian Party leader Vladimir Plotnikov and leader of "Civil Force" Mikhail Barshevsky nominated First Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev as Russia's president. Acting President Vladimir Putin upheld the decision. In March 2008, Medvedev was elected President of Russia, and in the same month, Putin was approved as prime minister.
In April 2008, at the Congress of "A Just Russia" Mironov was re-elected its leader.
Mironov was awarded nominal firearms on three occasions (2000, 2003 and 2005). He married for the third time, from the first marriege he has a son and from the second - a daughter.
Sources: [url]www.lenta.ru[/url], [url]www.strana.ru[/url] from 06.01.2004
Sergey Mironov was involved in a public scandal for the first time in the spring of 1996, when he was forced to come into conflict with members of the St. Petersburg Legislative Assembly, deliberately deceiving them. The essence of the conflict is as follows: on the eve of the election for governor of St. Petersburg, acting Mayor Anatoly Sobchak wanted to postpone the election to June of 1996, a month earlier, so that his competitors did not have time to conduct propaganda work. On behalf of Sobchak his assistant Vladimir Putin agreed with Mironov and falsified the results of the last vote, the elections were postponed. Later it became known that a quorum of deputies was not there that day. Nevertheless, Sobchak lost the elections anyway.
Source: "Russkaya mysl" from 20.12.2001
They wrote that Sergey Mironov appeared in the large St. Petersburg politics thanks to the criminal boss Konstantin Karolyevich Yakovlev ("Kostya Mogila").
Source: [url]www.[/url] Solomin on 21.12.2006
In September 1999, prosecutors accused the St. Petersburg Sergey Mironov of abuse of office. The accusation was made against Mironov during the criminal case against the former chairman of the St. Petersburg LA Yury Kravtsov. It was launched in December 1998 due to the fact that Kravtsov took individual decision on behalf of the Legislative Assembly to allocate interest-free loans from the city budget to a publishing house "Smena." three times – in the period of March 1996 and April of 1997, The amount of these loans amounted to 400 million rubles in prices of 1997.
During the investigation it was found out that one of the documents was signed by Mironov, the then Deputy of Kravtsov. The damaging consequence of his actions was valued at 100 million rubles. Mironov was charged under Article 171 Part 1 of the RSFSR Criminal Code (abuse of power or official authority). After 3 months the General Prosecutor's Office revoked a resolution to bring Mironov as a defendant and prosecutor of St. Petersburg made a new decision - to stop the prosecution as the money under the contract had been returned and no criminal intent was found in the actions of Sergey Mironov.
Source: [url]www.compromat.ru[/url] from 05.03.2002
In 2003, Sergey Mironov was ridiculed: the press reported that his party "Russian Party of Life," announced a campaign to save the muskrat, and developed the program "Revive the Russian muskrat"-the essence of the action was in maintaining populations of this animal. Over 3 years in the media periodically reported on such activities of Sergey Mironov and his fellow party members. In June 2006, Mironov finally reacted to the publication of the muskrat and said that he got tired telling he had no relation to the fate of this animal.
Source: Nezavisimaya Gazeta № 144 (2977) on 17.07.2003
In 2003, the press debated controversial bill “on voluntary mortification”, proposed by leaders of the electoral block "Russian Party of Life and the Party of Revival of Russia” Gennady Seleznev and Sergey Mironov - they offered to legalize euthanasia in Russia and for this purpose to allow hospitals to issue a license for mortification of people. Almost all the media covering the idea of the two speakers were unanimous in declaring bankruptcy and outright stupidity of this idea.
Source: [url]www.compromat.ru[/url] from 21.11.2003
At the end of 2003, Sergey Mironov was rumored to have an affair with Miss Universe Oxana Fedorova, who took part in the promotion of the party of Mironov, "The Party of Life."
Source: "Komsomolskaya Pravda" on 17.06.2004
In 2004, the press wrote about the personal life of Sergey Mironov – he got married for the third time. The wife of Mironov was his former secretary. When Mironov announced his candidacy for president the media reported that his new spouse has an income greater than all the other wives of presidential candidates - more than half a million rubles.
Source: "Komsomolskaya Pravda" on 17.06.2004
In 2005, a conflict story was associated with the book "The Phenomenon of Mironov: the third person in the state" – its entire edition was destroyed. They said that the author - Nikolay Zenkovich, a former speechwriter of Sergey Mironov - wrote it by the order of Mironov, although the latter claimed that the publication of the book was a complete surprise to him. The reader has never seen the book - it was withdrawn from sale and printing, and was destroyed. They say the initiator of the massacre on the book was either Sergey Mironov, or someone from the politicians and businessmen represented in the book in an unfavorable light. There is no information in open source about who was compromised in the book with a biography Mironov.
Source: "Zhizn" from 08.04.2005
In January 2005, they wrote that members of the Party of Life collected $ 2 million from the newly admitted members of the upper house of parliament on behalf of Sergey Mironov for having to go through the approval process in the Senate. They said Mironov delayed the admission to the senators if they did not pay. former State Duma deputy Grigory Tomchin appeared to be in such a position - he was the elected senator from the Chita region and he refused to pay, so there had been several meetings of the Commission on senatorial confirmation, but the documents of Tomchin remained unconsidered.
Source: [url]www.b-f.ru[/url] from 24.01.2005
Sergey Mironov, as Speaker of the Federation Council, initiated the resignation of several senators. In 2006 he sent a filing on the dissolution of the Senator Levon Chahmahcha to the parliament of Kalmykia; the latter represented Kalmykia –and the official was accused of bribery. Prior to that, Mironov dismissed three other senators - Boris Gutin from Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District, a representative of the Primorsky Territory Igor Ivanov and the representative of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug Alexander Sabadash.
Source: "Trud" from 05.06.2006
As they wrote in the Urals newspapers in 2006, the local members of the Russian Party of Life, “Rodina" and "Russian Party of Pensioners”, leaded by Sergey Mironov, started a civil war. The conflict was caused by actions of Mironov, his was accused of corruption and arbitrariness. It was known that all three parties were to be united in "A Just Russia" and that Mironov had allegedly sold the post of the head of Sverdlovsk organization of the future united party to a Chelyabinsk builder, the owner of the group of companies "Monolith-Invest" Evgeny Rogoza. They said that Rogoza was not a member of any of those parties and he had paid big money to Mironov for the leading position. Information that Mironov was trading leadership positions in the party caused a great conflict: the Chairman of the Board of the Chelyabinsk branch of "Rodina" Vadim Vorobey and leader of the Chelyabinsk branch of RPL (Russian Party of Life) Vasily Rozhko organized the anti-Mironov speech in the media.
Source: politgeksogen.ru from 05.10.2006
In 2006, the press reported that the senator from the Murmansk region Andrey Guriev, owner of OAO “Apatit" turned to the chairman of the Federation Council Sergey Mironov, asking for help in stopping the trial for the return of 20 % stake of his company to the state and help with the whole situation with "Apatit”, which was then going out of Guriev’s control. That time Guryev was one of the main sponsors of the Party of Life of Sergey Mironov. The journalists assumed that Mironov was not going to interfere in the conflict of "Apatit" and the state, knowing the reputation of Guriev and that his name was present in the case of Yukos, along with other members of the organized criminal group. In addition, Guriev provided sponsorship both to the Party of Life and its opponents - "United Russia” and the Communists. As a result, 20 % stake in Apatit had been returned to state ownership by judicial decision.
Source: [url]www.[/url] solomin from 09.10.2006
In 2006, the press reported that the oil magnate and senator of the Republic of Altai, Ralif Safin said at the wedding of his daughter Alsou Safina, that he and Sergey Mironov had close relationship. At this event, he publicly stated that he had bought not only a place in the Federation Council, but also "the Speaker Mironov himself» - at least journalists quoted Ralif Safin in this way in their reporting.
Source: [url]www.[/url] VolgaPolitinfo.ru from 29.03.2006
In 2007, Sergey Mironov was reported to be the customer of a series of articles in the newspaper “Petersburgskie Dnevniki" aimed at discrediting the St. Petersburg Governor Valentina Matvienko. Publications appeared on the eve of elections to the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg. One of the articles was "Son of the Governor Matvienko - a drug addict and convict." A number of articles focused on the criminal past of the chairman of St. Petersburg Legislative Assembly Vadim Tyulpanov. They said that members of the "A Just Russia" using black PR before the election in the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg - the newspaper was published on February 21, and the elections were scheduled for March 11. Among others, there were versionsthe party "United Russia" was a "customer" of that publication, discrediting the family of the governor of St. Petersburg; they could have needed to quarrel the governor with all political forces. According to journalists, Valentina Matvienko was initially loyal to the "United Russia", and in early 2007, she had some contacts with Mironov’s "A Just Russia".
Source: [url]www.[/url] solomin from 21.02.2007
During the election campaign, which involved "A Just Russia", there was a scandal with the daughter of Sergey Mironov. 31.03.2006, the apartment of Sergey Mironov in St. Petersburg was robbed, where his second wife and daughter lived there. 3,000 dollars and jewelry worth over 100 thousand dollars disappeared from the apartment. During the proceedings it was determined that Mironov’s daughter used drugs and most likely it was she who had committed the theft. 2 weeks after the "robbery" Sergey Mironov gave a command to terminate the criminal case.
Source: [url]www.[/url] Solomin on 21.12.2006
Sergey Mironov experienced some unpleasant moments in connection with the arrest of his teammate and main sponsor of the "A Just Russia", the senator from Bashkortostan - Igor Izmestiev, who was deported from Kyrgyzstan and was accused of particularly serious crimes. Mironov stood up for the senator, tried to put pressure on the justice, and only a firm stance of the Presidential Administration was able to calm him down. After the arrest of Izmestiev the Party of Sergey Mironov had to find new sponsors urgently. Mironov had repeatedly defended Izmestiev before, when he broke the law. In November 2006 the State Assembly of Bashkortostan decided to revoke Izmestiev from the Federation Council in connection with reconciling their work with the senator in entrepreneurial activity - as a member of SF, he served as director of the company registered in Moscow "Brock Trade Oil”, while by the law" On status of a member of the Federation Council "he had no right to do so. Then Mironov supported Izmestiev and stated that the State Assembly of Bashkortostan had no right to initiate the question of the resignation of the Federation Council. Izmestiev retained his post.
Source: [url]www.[/url] solomin from 21.02.2007
In 2007, there was information in the Internet that Sergey Mironov was going to meet with the group of defrauded co-investors, who had joined together and announced a country-wide strike. There was information in the press and on site of "A Just Russia" that the meeting did take place. But then the conflict followed – the hungering interest holders accused Mironov of lying, saying that he had not met with them. They began to investigate the case and it turned out that there were several associations of defrauded co-investors, one of their managers was Anton Belyakov, Chairman of the All-Russian Public Movement "Assistance Committee for interest-holders: Housing. Land. People.” They wrote that Mr. Belyakov tended to become the informal leader of the movement of defrauded co-investors and descend dirty PR-technologies; in order to make a political career he secured the support of Sergey Mironov on the eve of the election, through which tried to convert the holders’ trust for his political purposes. It remained unclear: whether Mironov was unaware of the game Belyakov was drawning him in, or he was aware of everything and purposely perpetrated the fraud.
Source: [url]www.compromat.ru[/url] from 25.04.2007
In 2007, in Novaya Gazeta published a series of negative statements about Sergey Mironov. They did not publish any specific facts incriminating Mironov of illegal or immoral acts, but the ironic tone of materials made unpleasant impression on the activities of Mironov and his personality. The reason for the negative in the other media was called the personal ambitions of the owner of Novaya Gazeta - Alexander Lebedev, who claimed to be the leader of the Moscow City regional group of "A Just Russia", or to take the place of the party leader Sergey Mironov himself.
Source: [url]www.[/url] solomin from 03.09.2007
In February 2010, Sergey Mironov became a party in a scandal - he criticized the anti-crisis policies, which President Dmitry Medvedev and Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Putin led. Publicly, Sergey Mironov was accused of treason and contempt of authority by the First Deputy Secretary to the General Council of “United Russia" Andrey Isayev, head of the Central Executive Committee of “United Russia” Andrey Vorobyov, secretary of the presidium of the General Council, Vice-Speaker of the State Duma Vyacheslav Volodin - they talked about the procedure for revocation from his post as speaker of the Federation Council, which would be logical after the statement made. But some media called the scandal a political spectacle that was supposed to distract the attention of society from a mass meeting in Kaliningrad, organized by movement of "Justice". As soon as they reconciled the conflicting parties, Sergey Mironov publicly expressed support for the "A Just Russia" in strategic course of the Russian government.
Sources: "Komsomolskaya Pravda" dated 08.02.2010, "Kommersant» № 19 (4319) on 04.02.2010
In February 2010, the leadership of the party "United Russia" turned to the Prosecutor General of Russia with a request to assess the actions of Sergey Mironov as Speaker of the Federation Council, which, in their opinion, interferes with the work of regional authorities. No other information about this document was found in the public domain.
Source: [url]www.[/url] infox.ru from 05.02.2010